Body painting was often a key part of rituals and celebrations and often had spiritual significance. Today, these tribal traditions are kept alive in many parts of the world and new forms of body painting are emerging in modern cultures. In fact, there has been a recent revitalization of body painting art and there is renewed interest amongst artists. Body painting is increasingly popular with modern subcultures such as cosplaying and has also become an integral part of cultural phenomenon such as Carnival in Rio de Janeiro and the Burning Man festival.
New materials and techniques have pushed the art of body painting in new and fascinating directions. For example, the following image has not been photoshoped and the camouflage effect is from the body painting matching the background:
While traditional body painting was often used in spiritual ritual or for war and hunting, modern body painting is used in everything from fine art to erotic adornment it is used by artists, the fashion industry, the military, sports fans, cosplayers and festival participants.